anionic detergent

noun
a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions
Derivationally related forms: ↑anionic (for: ↑anionic)
Hypernyms: ↑detergent

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noun
: any of a class of synthetic detergents usually consisting essentially of an alkali metal salt or an ammonium salt of a strong acid containing 12 to 24 carbon atoms together with an inorganic salt (as sodium sulfate) and, for heavy-duty laundering, a builder (as sodium tripolyphosphate):as
a. : an alkyl aryl sulfonate (as sodium dodecyl-benzene-sulfonate C12H25C6H4SO3Na)
b. : a salt (as sodium lauryl sulfate C12H25SO4Na) of a sulfated alcohol

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Chem.
any of a class of synthetic compounds whose anions are alkali salts, as soap, or whose ions are ammonium salts.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • anionic detergent — anijoninis ploviklis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Ploviklis, kurio aktyvusis komponentas – anijoninė paviršinio aktyvumo medžiaga. atitikmenys: angl. anion active detergent; anionic detergent rus. анионоактивное моющее средство …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • anionic detergent — noun Any detergent in which the lipophilic part of the molecule is an anion; examples include soaps and sunthetic long chain sulfates and sulfonates …   Wiktionary

  • anionic detergent — Chem. any of a class of synthetic compounds whose anions are alkali salts, as soap, or whose ions are ammonium salts. * * * …   Universalium

  • anionic — n. 1. a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions. Syn: anionic detergent, non ionic detergent [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anionic — adj. 1 of an anion or anions. 2 having an active anion. * * * I noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions (Freq. 7) • Syn: ↑anionic detergent, ↑non ionic detergent • Hypernyms: ↑detergent …   Useful english dictionary

  • detergent — /di terr jeuhnt/, n. 1. any of a group of synthetic, organic, liquid or water soluble cleaning agents that, unlike soap, are not prepared from fats and oils, are not inactivated by hard water, and have wetting agent and emulsifying agent… …   Universalium

  • anionic — 1. adjective of or pertaining to an anion 2. noun an anionic detergent …   Wiktionary

  • Detergent — For the band, see The Detergents. Detergents A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. [1] In common usage, detergent refers to alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are… …   Wikipedia

  • anionic detergents — Detergents in which the hydrophilic funtion is fulfilled by an anionic grouping. Fatty acids are the best known natural products in this class, but it is doubtful if they have a specific detergent function in any biological system. The important… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • detergent — 1. Cleansing. 2. A cleansing or purging agent, usually salts of long chain aliphatic bases or acids ( e.g., quaternary ammonium or sulfonic acid compounds) which, through a surface action that depends on their possessing both hydrophilic and… …   Medical dictionary

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